Total Worker Health and work-life stress.
J Occup Environ Med 2013 Dec; 55(Suppl. 12S):S25-S29
OBJECTIVE: Review relationships between work-life stress and health behaviors to advance understanding of pathways between occupational and individual risk factors and health and safety outcomes. METHODS: A background on the Total Worker Health concept is provided, and a review of research on the relationship between work-life stress and health behaviors is presented. RESULTS: Research evidence indicates that work-life stress serves as a negative occupational exposure relating to poor health behaviors, including smoking, poor food choices, low levels of exercise, and even decreased sleep time. CONCLUSION: The association between work-life stress and adverse health behaviors suggests that interventions at both the occupational (health protection) and individual (health promotion) level may be helpful in mitigating effects of work-life stress, consistent with the Total Worker Health approach. Further study is needed to investigate gains from an integrated prevention strategy.
Total-Worker-Health; Stress; Job-stress; Physical-stress; Psychological-stress; Worker-health; Physiological-stress; Mental-stress; Emotional-stress; Behavior; Work-environment; Risk-factors; Safety-practices; Occupational-exposure; Health-protection; Health-programs
Leslie B. Hammer, PhD, Department of Psychology, Portland State University, Portland, OR 97201
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon