One-year incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome in Latino poultry processing workers and other Latino manual workers.
Cartwright MS; Walker FO; Newman JC; Schulz MR; Arcury TA; Grzywacz JG; Mora DC; Chen H; Eaton B; Quandt SA
Am J Ind Med 2014 Mar; 57(3):362-369
Objective: To determine the incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) over 1 year in Latino poultry processing workers. Methods: Symptoms and nerve conduction studies were used to identify Latino poultry processing workers (106 wrists) and Latinos in other manual labor occupations (257 wrists) that did not have CTS at baseline, and these individuals were then evaluated in the same manner 1 year later. Results: Based on wrists, the 1-year incidence of CTS was higher in poultry processing workers than non-poultry manual workers (19.8% vs. 11.7%, P=0.022). Poultry workers had a higher odds (1.89; P=0.089) of developing CTS over 1 year compared to non-poultry manual workers. Discussion: Latino poultry processing workers have an incidence of CTS that is possibly higher than Latinos in other manual labor positions. Latino poultry workers' high absolute and relative risk of CTS likely results from the repetitive and strenuous nature of poultry processing work.
Poultry; Poultry-industry; Poultry-workers; Racial-factors; Work-practices; Injuries; Work-performance; Food-processing; Food-processing-industry; Food-processing-workers; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Cumulative-trauma; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Carpal-tunnel-syndrome; Repetitive-work; Manual-materials-handling; Nerve-damage; Nerve-function; Risk-factors;
Author Keywords: occupational health; vulnerable populations; manufacturing; immigrant workers
Sara A.Quandt, PhD, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Wake Forest University Health Sciences - Winston-Salem, North Carolina