Occupational safety beliefs among Latino residential roofing workers.
Arcury-TA; Summers-P; Carrillo-L; Grzywacz-JG; Quandt-SA; Mills-TH III
Am J Ind Med 2014 Jun; 57(6):718-725
Background: This analysis describes beliefs about work safety and personal protective equipment (PPE) among Latino roofing workers, it delineates their perceptions of work environment characteristics that affect work safety and PPE use, and it describes how they experience work injuries and the consequences of these injuries. Methods: In-depth interviews were completed with 10 current and former Latino residential roofers. Interview transcripts were subjected to systematic qualitative analysis. Results: Participants' valued productivity over safety, and this had a negative influence on their safety behavior and reduced their PPE use. They understood that roofing was hazardous. They limited use of PPE when they felt it reduced productivity and when it was uncomfortable.Work environment characteristics that affected safety included company size, the physical demands of the job, lack of training, the need for work, general life stress, and distractions at work. An injury had to result in lost work time to be considered significant. Access to health care is limited by employers not providing Workers' compensation. Discussion: Future research is needed to substantiate these descriptive results and to delineate factors that are associated with safety behavior and use of PPE. Interventions, based on a lay health educator model, are needed to improve safety in this population. Safety regulations need to be evaluated and their enforcement needs to be improved.
Construction; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Racial-factors; Work-practices; Safety-practices; Safety-climate; Safety-measures; Safety-equipment; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Behavior; Roofers; Health-surveys; Work-performance; Personal-protective-equipment; Work-environment; Worker-motivation; Qualitative-analysis; Worker-health;
Author Keywords: construction; safety beliefs; Latinos; immigrant workers; minority health
Thomas A. Arcury, PhD, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157
Cooperative Agreement; Construction
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University