Non-robbery-related occupational homicides in the retail industry, 2003-2008.
Konda S; Tiesman HM; Hendricks S; Gurka KK
Am J Ind Med 2014 Feb; 57(2):245-253
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine non-robbery-related occupational homicides in the retail industry from 2003 to 2008. Methods: Data were abstracted from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries. Motive (robbery- or non-robbery-related) and workplace violence (WPV) typology (Type I-IV) were assigned using narrative text fields. Non-robbery-related homicide rates were calculated and compared among WPV types, demographic characteristics, and occupation. Results: Twenty-eight percent of homicides that occurred in the retail industry were non-robbery-related. The leading event associated with non-robbery-related homicides was Type II (perpetrated by customers) (34%), followed by Type IV (perpetrated by personal relationship) (31%). The majority of homicides were due to arguments (50%). Security guards and workers in drinking establishments had the highest homicide rates per 100,000 workers (14.3 and 6.0, respectively). Conclusions: Non-robbery-related homicides comprised a meaningful proportion of workplace homicides in the retail industry. Research is needed to develop strategies to prevent non-robbery-related homicides specifically.
Retail-workers; Demographic-characteristics; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Surveillance;
Author Keywords: workplace violence; de-escalation; robbery; security guards; arguments
Srinivas Konda, MPH NIOSH, Division of Safety Research, 1095 Willowdale Road, M/S 1811, Morgantown, WV 26506
Healthcare and Social Assistance; Transportation, Warehousing and Utilities
American Journal of Industrial Medicine