Macroergonomics: analysis and design of work systems.
Appl Ergon 2006 Jan; 37(1):81-89
Attending to the larger system components such as organizational design and management is not novel for ergonomists. In Europe, there has been a strong tradition to investigate ergonomic problems within a holistic, systems context. "Macroergonomics" builds upon this tradition by providing specific methods and tools that yield large-scale results. It is believed that meaningful and large-scale results are needed in today's competitive and turbulent work environments. Macroergonomics is defined, its history is uncovered and focus is given to a key methodology, macroergonomic analysis and design. Case studies are used to validate the method and illustrate that performance results in the 60-90% range can be expected.
Ergonomics; Work-environment; Humans; Men; Women; Models;
Author Keywords: Macroergonomics; Worksystem design; Organizational design and management
Brian M. Kleiner, Center for Innovation in Construction Safety and Health Research, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University