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Using contextual design techniques to identify work Task problems in dynamic work environments - a field study of Isolating safety challenges for small builders.
Hung-Y-H; Winchester-WW III
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 52nd Annual Meeting, September 22-26, 2008, New York, New York. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2008 Sep; 52(21):1718-1722
Contextual Design (CD) is a structured method for collecting, interpreting and aggregating qualitative data about work processes and is typically used for creating software that addresses user's needs of a particular task in static indoor environments. In this paper, we discuss the use of CD techniques - Contextual Inquiry and Work Modeling, to identify work task problems commonly existing across tasks in dynamic work environments. We also describe a field study that makes use of the CD techniques to isolate safety challenges - the most cited universal problem in the construction industry - for small builders. Six contractors participated in the study. Critical safety incidents of the observed construction tasks were utilized to identify safety challenges. The contextual interview data were integrated to form consolidated work models, each of which captured, from differing perspectives, the safety challenges of small builders. The insights could not only help construction stakeholders identify possible safety interventions in preventing accidents and/or injuries, but also aid in guiding the selection of appropriate interventions for implementation. The results of the field study provide evidence of CD as a descriptive research technique to identify engineering or administrative solutions to work task problems not only in static but also in dynamic work environments.
Construction; Work-environment; Models; Indoor-environmental-quality; Safety-programs; Safety-practices; Safety-measures; Safety-education; Questionnaires; Workers; Injuries
Yu-Hsiu Hung, Industrial and Systems Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, 24061
Issue of Publication
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 52nd Annual Meeting
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division