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Diseases attributable to asbestos exposure: years of potential life lost, United States, 1999-2010.
Bang-KM; Mazurek-JM; Wood-JM; Hendricks-SA
Am J Ind Med 2014 Jan; 57(1):38-48
Background: Although asbestos use has been restricted in recent decades, asbestos-associated deaths continue to occur in the United States. Objectives: We evaluated premature mortality and loss of potentially productive years of life attributable to asbestos-associated diseases. Methods: Using 1999-2010 National Center for Health Statistics mortality data, we identified decedents aged > / = 25 years whose death certificate listed asbestosis and malignant mesothelioma as the underlying cause of death. We computed years of potential life lost to life expectancy (YPLL) and to age 65 (YPLL65). Results: During 1999-2010, a total of 427,005 YPLL and 55,184 YPLL65) were attributed to asbestosis (56,907 YPLL and 2,167 YPLL65), malignant mesothelioma (370,098 YPPL and 53,017 YPLL65). Overall and disease-specific asbestos-attributable total YPLL and YPLL65 and median YPLL and YPLL65 per decedent did not change significantly from 1999 to 2010. Conclusions: The continuing occurrence of asbestos-associated diseases and their substantial premature mortality burden underscore the need for maintaining prevention efforts and for ongoing surveillance to monitor temporal trends in these diseases.
Diseases; Occupational-diseases; Asbestosis; Asbestos-cement; Asbestos-dust; Asbestos-fibers; Asbestos-industry; Asbestos-mining; Asbestos-products; Asbestos-removal; Asbestos-workers; Lifespan; Occupational-exposure; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-disorders; Lung-cancer; Mesothelial-cells; Malignant-neoplasms; Statistical-analysis; Surveillance-programs; Medical-monitoring; Author Keywords: years of potential life lost; mortality; asbestos; asbestosis; malignant mesothelioma; lung cancer
Ki Moon Bang, PhD, MPH, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop H-G900.2, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505
Issue of Publication
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division