NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Modeling RF propagation in tunnels.

Authors
Zhou-C; Waynert-J; Plass-T; Jacksha-R
Source
2013 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting, July 7-13, 2013, Orlando, Florida. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society (AP-S) and the U.S. National Committee of the International Union of Radio Science (USNC-URSI), 2013 Jul; :1916-1917
NIOSHTIC No.
20043213
Abstract
As mandated by the 2006 Mine Improvement and New Emergency Response (MINER) Act, many underground coal mines have installed UHF radio systems to provide communications between personnel on the surface and underground. In an effort to better understand UHF signal propagation in tunnel environments, we made radio signal attenuation measurements in concrete tunnels at frequencies of 455 MHz, 915 MHz, 2.45 GHz, and 5.8 GHz. In this paper, a ray tracing method is used to model the channel. Although the tunnel has an arched roof, the model describes the propagation behavior very well using a rectangular tunnel with the same width. The measured data verify the ability of the ray tracing model to predict radio frequency propagation at all the four frequencies. In addition, the propagation constants for the different frequencies are investigated and shown to be consistent with the measured values.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Radio-waves; Coal-mining; Tunneling; Models; Behavior; Author Keywords: Waveguide; tunnel propagation; ray tracing; attenuation constant
Publication Date
20130701
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Email Address
czhou@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2013
ISBN No.
9781467353151
Identifying No.
M102013
ISSN
1522-3965
NIOSH Division
OMSHR
Priority Area
Mining
Source Name
2013 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting, July 7-13, 2013, Orlando, Florida
State
PA; FL
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division