2013 AIChE Spring Meeting and 9th Global Congress on Process Safety, AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings, April 28, 2013, San Antonio, Texas. New York: American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2013 Apr; :1-17
The explosibility of micron- and nano-titanium was determined and compared according to explosion severity and likelihood using standard dust explosion equipment. ASTM methods were followed using commercially available testing equipment. The explosibility parameters investigated for the size ranges of titanium tested include explosion severity (maximum explosion pressure (P max) and size-normalized maximum rate of pressure rise (K St)) and explosion likelihood (minimum explosible concentration (MEC), minimum ignition energy (MIE) and minimum ignition temperature (MIT)). The results indicate a significant increase in explosion severity as the particle size decreases from <150µm with an apparent plateau being reached at <45µm and &le20 µm. Micron-size explosion severity could not be compared with that for nano-titanium due to pre-ignition of the nano-powder in the 20-L chamber. Explosibility screening tests were also performed on other nano-sized metal powders and similar results were observed for some materials. The likelihood of an explosion increases significantly as the particle size decreases into the nano range. Nano-titanium is very sensitive and can self-ignite under the appropriate conditions. A similar phenomenon was observed for some of the other nano-metals. Safety precautions and procedures for the nano-metal handling are also discussed.
We take your privacy seriously. You can review and change the way we collect information below.
These cookies allow us to count visits and traffic sources so we can measure and improve the performance of our site. They help us to know which pages are the most and least popular and see how visitors move around the site. All information these cookies collect is aggregated and therefore anonymous. If you do not allow these cookies we will not know when you have visited our site, and will not be able to monitor its performance.
Cookies used to make website functionality more relevant to you. These cookies perform functions like remembering presentation options or choices and, in some cases, delivery of web content that based on self-identified area of interests.
Cookies used to track the effectiveness of CDC public health campaigns through clickthrough data.
Cookies used to enable you to share pages and content that you find interesting on CDC.gov through third party social networking and other websites. These cookies may also be used for advertising purposes by these third parties.