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Case identification of work-related traumatic brain injury using the occupational injury and illness classification system.
Sears-JM; Graves-JM; Blanar-L; Bowman-SM
J Occup Environ Med 2013 May; 55(5):507-513
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most common, costly, and disabling occupational injuries. Objectives included determining whether work-related TBI could be reliably identified using the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) and describing challenges in developing an OIICS-based TBI case definition. METHODS: Washington State trauma registry reports and workers' compensation claims were linked (1998 to 2008). Trauma registry diagnoses were used as the gold standard for six OIICS-based TBI case definitions. RESULTS: The OIICS-based case definitions were highly specific but had low sensitivity, capturing less than a third of fatal and nonfatal TBI. CONCLUSION: The use of OIICS versus International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision-Clinical Modification codes underestimated TBI and changed the attributable cause distribution, with potential implications for prevention efforts. Surveillance methods that can more fully and accurately capture the impact of work-related TBI across the United States are needed.
Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Brain-damage; Work-environment; Information-retrieval-systems; Information-systems; Disabled-workers; Clinical-diagnosis; Health-standards; Surveillance-programs
Jeanne M. Sears, PhD, RN, Department of Health Services, School of Public Health, Box 354809, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195
Grant-Number-R03-OH-009883; M082013; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008433
Issue of Publication
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Washington, Seattle
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division