Posttraumatic stress symptomatology among emergency department workers following workplace aggression.
Gillespie-GL; Bresler-S; Gates-DM; Succop-P
Workplace Health Saf 2013 Jun; 61(6):247-254
Workplace aggression has the potential to adversely affect the psychological health of emergency department (ED) workers. The purpose of this study was to compare posttraumatic stress symptomatology based on verbal and verbal plus physical aggression. A descriptive cross-sectional design was used with a convenience sample (n = 208) of ED workers who completed a three-component survey. Descriptive statistics were computed to compare traumatic stress scores based on type of aggression. Two-way analysis of variance statistics were computed to determine if scores differed on the demographic variables. Fewer than half of the ED workers reported traumatic stress symptomatology; however, workplace aggression has the potential to adversely affect the mental health of ED workers. Occupational health nurses can establish or maintain a nurturing and protective environment open to discussing the personal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of ED workers related to their experiences of workplace aggression. This open and more positive work environment may aid in reducing the negative impact of posttraumatic stress symptoms among those ED workers who have been victimized.
Humans; Men; Women; Age-groups; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Workers; Work-environment; Force; Psychological-stress; Psychology; Psychological-effects; Medical-personnel; Mental-health; Risk-factors; Exposure-levels; Medical-facilities
Gordon Lee Gillespie, PhD, RN, FAEN, Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 21-0038, Cincinnati, OH 45014-2401
Workplace Health & Safety
University of Cincinnati