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Work-related asthma and employment status - 38 states and District of Columbia, 2006-2009.
White-GE; Mazurek-JM; Moorman-JE
J Asthma 2013 Nov; 50(9):954-959
Abstract Objectives: To examine differences in current employment status between persons with health professional-diagnosed work-related asthma and non-work-related asthma and to examine factors associated with unemployment in these groups. Methods: We analyzed the 2006-2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Asthma Call-back Survey for ever-employed adults (excluding those who were retired, homemakers, and students at the time of the interview) with current asthma in 38 states and District of Columbia (N=25,680). We calculated prevalence ratios (PRs) adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, and income. Results: Among adults with current asthma, individuals with work-related asthma were less likely to be currently employed for wages (PR=0.89; 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.84-0.95) and more likely to be unable to work (PR=1.44; 95% CI=1.24-1.67) than those with non-work-related asthma. Among adults with current asthma who were unemployed at the time of the interview, adults with work-related asthma did not differ from those with non-work-related asthma in naming disability as reason for unemployment (PR=1.09; 95% CI=0.94-1.26). However, those with work-related asthma were more likely to be unable to work for health reasons other than disability (PR=1.46; 95% CI=1.01-2.12) than adults with non-work-related asthma. Conclusions: Additional studies are needed to determine what health reasons prevent individuals with work-related asthma from working and if the health reasons are asthma-related.
Respiratory-system-disorders; Respiration; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Workers; Work-environment; Lung; Lung-disease; Lung-disorders; Behavior; Humans; Men; Women; Age-groups; Surveillance-programs; Author Keywords: Asthma; behavioral risk factor surveillance system; employment; occupational health
Gretchen E White, MPH, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, 1095 Willowdale Rd, MS HG900, Morgantown, 26505
Issue of Publication
Journal of Asthma
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division