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Association between work-family conflict and musculoskeletal pain among hospital patient care workers.

Kim S-S; Okechukwu CA; Buxton OM; Dennerlein JT; Boden LI; Hashimoto DM; Sorensen G
Am J Ind Med 2013 Apr; 56(4):488-495
Background: A growing body of evidence suggests that work-family conflict is an important risk factor for workers' health and well-being. The goal of this study is to examine association between work-family conflict and musculoskeletal pain among hospital patient care workers. Methods: We analyzed a cross-sectional survey of 1,119 hospital patient care workers in 105 units in two urban, academic hospitals. Work-family conflict was measured by 5-item Work-Family Conflict Scale questionnaire. Multilevel logistic regression was applied to examine associations between work-family conflict and self-reported musculoskeletal pain in the past 3 months, adjusting for covariates including work-related psychosocial factors and physical work factors. Results: In fully adjusted models, high work-family conflict was strongly associated with neck or shoulder pain (OR: 2.34, 95% CI: 1.64-3.34), arm pain (OR: 2.79, 95% CI: 1.64-4.75), lower extremity pain (OR: 2.20, 95% CI: 1.54-3.15) and any musculoskeletal pain (OR: 2.45, 95% CI: 1.56-3.85), and a number of body areas in pain (OR: 2.47, 95% CI: 1.82-3.36) in the past 3 months. The association with low back pain was attenuated and became non-significant after adjusting for covariates. Conclusions: Given the consistent associations between work-family conflict and self-reported musculoskeletal pains, the results suggest that work-family conflict could be an important domain for health promotion and workplace policy development among hospital patient care workers.
Health-care; Total-Worker-Health; Health-care-personnel; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Medical-services; Worker-health; Health-surveys; Statistical-analysis; Mathematical-models; Workers; Families; Stress; Questionnaires; Back-injuries; Pain-tolerance; Body-regions; Risk-factors; Muscle-tension; Author Keywords: work-family conflict; musculoskeletal symptoms; low back pain; hospital worker
Dr. Seung-Sup Kim, ScD, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, 2300 Eye Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037
Publication Date
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U19-OH-008861; B20130805; M082013
Issue of Publication
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Performing Organization
Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts
Page last reviewed: July 15, 2022
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division