Association between work-family conflict and musculoskeletal pain among hospital patient care workers.
Kim S-S; Okechukwu CA; Buxton OM; Dennerlein JT; Boden LI; Hashimoto DM; Sorensen G
Am J Ind Med 2013 Apr; 56(4):488-495
Background: A growing body of evidence suggests that work-family conflict is an important risk factor for workers' health and well-being. The goal of this study is to examine association between work-family conflict and musculoskeletal pain among hospital patient care workers. Methods: We analyzed a cross-sectional survey of 1,119 hospital patient care workers in 105 units in two urban, academic hospitals. Work-family conflict was measured by 5-item Work-Family Conflict Scale questionnaire. Multilevel logistic regression was applied to examine associations between work-family conflict and self-reported musculoskeletal pain in the past 3 months, adjusting for covariates including work-related psychosocial factors and physical work factors. Results: In fully adjusted models, high work-family conflict was strongly associated with neck or shoulder pain (OR: 2.34, 95% CI: 1.64-3.34), arm pain (OR: 2.79, 95% CI: 1.64-4.75), lower extremity pain (OR: 2.20, 95% CI: 1.54-3.15) and any musculoskeletal pain (OR: 2.45, 95% CI: 1.56-3.85), and a number of body areas in pain (OR: 2.47, 95% CI: 1.82-3.36) in the past 3 months. The association with low back pain was attenuated and became non-significant after adjusting for covariates. Conclusions: Given the consistent associations between work-family conflict and self-reported musculoskeletal pains, the results suggest that work-family conflict could be an important domain for health promotion and workplace policy development among hospital patient care workers.
Health-care; Total-Worker-Health; Health-care-personnel; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Medical-services; Worker-health; Health-surveys; Statistical-analysis; Mathematical-models; Workers; Families; Stress; Questionnaires; Back-injuries; Pain-tolerance; Body-regions; Risk-factors; Muscle-tension;
Author Keywords: work-family conflict; musculoskeletal symptoms; low back pain; hospital worker
Dr. Seung-Sup Kim, ScD, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, 2300 Eye Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U19-OH-008861; B20130805; M082013
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts