Exploring occupational and health behavioral causes of firefighter obesity: a qualitative study.
Dobson-M; Choi-B; Schnall-PL; Wigger-E; Garcia-Rivas-J; Israel-L; Baker-DB
Am J Ind Med 2013 Jul; 56(7):776-790
Background: Firefighters, as an occupational group, have one of the highest prevalence rates of obesity. A qualitative study investigated occupational and health behavioral determinants of obesity among firefighters. Methods: Four focus groups were conducted with firefighters of every rank as Phase I of the FORWARD study which was designed to assess health behavioral and occupational characteristics related to obesity in firefighters. Results: Analysis revealed five main themes of central importance to firefighters: (1) fire station eating culture; (2) night calls and sleep interruption; (3) supervisor leadership and physical fitness; (4) sedentary work; and (5) age and generational influences. Conclusion: The results showed a strong interrelationship between occupational and health behavioral causes of obesity in firefighters. The relevance of these qualitative findings are discussed along with the implications for future obesity interventions with firefighters.
Fire-fighters; Weight-factors; Weight-measurement; Qualitative-analysis; Worker-health; Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Group-behavior; Group-dynamics; Diet; Nutrition; Food; Work-environment; Shift-work; Sleep-deprivation; Supervisory-personnel; Physical-fitness; Age-factors; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Body-weight;
Author Keywords: obesity; firefighters; qualitative research; occupational health; health behaviors
Dr. Marnie Dobson, PhD and Dr. BongKyoo Choi, ScD, Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of California Irvine, 5201 California Avenue, Suite100, Irvine, CA 92617
Grant-Number-R21-OH-009911; B20130805; M082013
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
University of California - Irvine