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Disabling musculoskeletal pain in working populations: is it the job, the person, or the culture?

Coggon D; Ntani G; Palmer KT; Felli VE; Harari R; Barrero LH; Felknor SA; Gimeno D; Cattrell A; Serra C; Bonzini M; Solidaki E; Merisalu E; Habib RR; Sadeghian F; Kadir MM; Warnakulasuriya SSP; Matsudaira K; Nyantumbu B; Sim MR; Harcombe H; Cox K; Marziale MH; Sarquis LM; Harari F; Freire R; Harari N; Monroy MV; Quintana LA; Rojas M; Salazar Vega EJ; Harris EC; Vargas-Prada S; Martinez JM; Delclos G; Benavides FG; Carugno M; Ferrario MM; Pesatori AC; Chatzi L; Bitsios P; Kogevinas M; Oha K; Sirk T; Sadeghian A; Peiris-John RJ; Sathiakumar N; Wickremasinghe AR; Yoshimura N; Kelsall HL; Hoe VCW; Urquhart DM; Derrett S; McBride D; Hergison P; Gray A
Pain 2013 Jun; 154(6):856-863
To compare the prevalence of disabling low back pain (DLBP) and disabling wrist/hand pain (DWHP) among groups of workers carrying out similar physical activities in different cultural environments, and to explore explanations for observed differences, we conducted a cross-sectional survey in 18 countries. Standardised questionnaires were used to ascertain pain that interfered with everyday activities and exposure to possible risk factors in 12,426 participants from 47 occupational groups (mostly nurses and office workers). Associations with risk factors were assessed by Poisson regression. The 1-month prevalence of DLBP in nurses varied from 9.6% to 42.6%, and that of DWHP in office workers from 2.2% to 31.6%. Rates of disabling pain at the 2 anatomical sites covaried (r = 0.76), but DLBP tended to be relatively more common in nurses and DWHP in office workers. Established risk factors such as occupational physical activities, psychosocial aspects of work, and tendency to somatise were confirmed, and associations were found also with adverse health beliefs and group awareness of people outside work with musculoskeletal pain. However, after allowance for these risk factors, an up-to 8-fold difference in prevalence remained. Systems of compensation for work-related illness and financial support for health-related incapacity for work appeared to have little influence on the occurrence of symptoms. Our findings indicate large international variation in the prevalence of disabling forearm and back pain among occupational groups carrying out similar tasks, which is only partially explained by the personal and socioeconomic risk factors that were analysed.
Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Back-injuries; Hand-injuries; Repetitive-work; Workers; Physical-reactions; Physical-stress; Physiological-factors; Physiological-effects; Physiological-stress; Physiology; Sociological-factors; Demographic-characteristics; Questionnaires; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Author Keywords: Low back; Forearm; Pain; International; Socioeconomic; Psychosocial
David Coggon, MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
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Journal Article
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Grant-Number-T42-OH-008421; B20130805
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NIOSH Division
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University of Texas, Health Science Center, Houston, Texas
Page last reviewed: September 11, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division