3-D jobs and health disparities: the health implications of Latino chicken catchers' working conditions.
Quandt-SA; Arcury-Quandt-AE; Lawlor-EJ; Carrillo-L; Marín-AJ; Grzywacz-JG; Arcury-TA
Am J Ind Med 2013 Feb; 56(2):206-215
OBJECTIVES: This study uses qualitative data to describe the tasks performed by chicken catchers, their organization of work, and possible health and safety hazards encountered. METHODS: Twenty-one Latino immigrant chicken catchers for North Carolina poultry-processing plants were interviewed to obtain their perceptions of the job and its hazards. Interviews were recorded and transcribed (n=10) or detailed notes recorded (n=11). Transcripts and notes were subjected to qualitative analysis. RESULTS: Chicken catching takes place in a highly contaminated and hazardous work environment. The fast pace of work, low level of control over work intensity, and piece rate compensation all result in high potential for work-related injury and illness, including trauma, electrical shock, respiratory effects, musculoskeletal injuries, and drug use. Workers receive little safety or job training. CONCLUSIONS: Chicken catching is characterized by a work environment and organization of work that promote injury and illness.
Humans; Men; Women; Workers; Animals; Poultry-workers; Poultry-industry; Poultry; Analytical-processes; Quantitative-analysis; Injuries; Respiratory-system-disorders; Respiration; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Risk-factors; Age-groups;
Author Keywords: immigrant worker; social justice; organization of work; poultry processing
Dr. Sara A. Quandt, PhD, Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard,Winston-Salem,NC 27157
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Wake Forest University Health Sciences