The burden of traumatic brain injury among adolescent and young adult workers in Washington State.
Graves JM; Sears JM; Vavilala MS; Rivara FP
J Saf Res 2013 Jun; 45:133-139
Objective: This study describes injury characteristics and costs of work-related traumatic brain injury (WRTBI) among 16-24 year olds in Washington State between 1998 and 2008. Methods: WRTBIs were identified in the Washington Trauma Registry (WTR) and linked to workers' compensation (WC) claims data. Medical and time-loss compensation costs were compared between workers with isolated TBI and TBI with other trauma. Results: Of 273 WRTBI cases identified, most (61.5%) were TBI with other trauma. One-third of WRTBI did not link to a WC claim. Medical costs averaged $88,307 (median $16,426) for isolated TBI cases, compared to $73,669 (median $41,167) for TBI with other trauma. Conclusions: Results highlight the financial impact of WRTBI among young workers. Multiple data sources provided a more comprehensive picture than a single data source alone. This linked-data approach holds great potential for future traumatic occupational injury research. Impact on Industry: TBI among young workers not only involves long-term health and psychological impacts, but is costly as well.
Humans; Age-groups; Adolescents; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Workers; Risk-factors; Hazards; Brain-damage; Brain-function; Sociological-factors; Worker-health; Information-retrieval-systems; Surveillance-programs; Lost-work-days; Disabled-workers; Medical-care; Health-care; Head-injuries;
Author Keywords: Head injuries; Youth; Occupational injuries; Costs of work-related TBI; Workers' compensation data
Janessa M. Graves, Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center (HIPRC), Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Washington, UW Box 359960, Seattle, WA 98104 USA
Grant-Number-R03-OH-009883; B20130625; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008433
Journal of Safety Research
University of Washington, Seattle