The burden of traumatic brain injury among adolescent and young adult workers in Washington State.
Graves-JM; Sears-JM; Vavilala-MS; Rivara-FP
J Saf Res 2013 Jun; 45:133-139
Objective: This study describes injury characteristics and costs of work-related traumatic brain injury (WRTBI) among 16-24 year olds in Washington State between 1998 and 2008. Methods: WRTBIs were identified in the Washington Trauma Registry (WTR) and linked to workers' compensation (WC) claims data. Medical and time-loss compensation costs were compared between workers with isolated TBI and TBI with other trauma. Results: Of 273 WRTBI cases identified, most (61.5%) were TBI with other trauma. One-third of WRTBI did not link to a WC claim. Medical costs averaged $88,307 (median $16,426) for isolated TBI cases, compared to $73,669 (median $41,167) for TBI with other trauma. Conclusions: Results highlight the financial impact of WRTBI among young workers. Multiple data sources provided a more comprehensive picture than a single data source alone. This linked-data approach holds great potential for future traumatic occupational injury research. Impact on Industry: TBI among young workers not only involves long-term health and psychological impacts, but is costly as well.
Humans; Age-groups; Adolescents; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Workers; Risk-factors; Hazards; Brain-damage; Brain-function; Sociological-factors; Worker-health; Information-retrieval-systems; Surveillance-programs; Lost-work-days; Disabled-workers; Medical-care; Health-care; Head-injuries;
Author Keywords: Head injuries; Youth; Occupational injuries; Costs of work-related TBI; Workers' compensation data
Janessa M. Graves, Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center (HIPRC), Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Washington, UW Box 359960, Seattle, WA 98104 USA
Journal of Safety Research
University of Washington, Seattle