Fatal falls from roofs among U.S. construction workers.
Dong-XS; Choi-SD; Borchardt-JG; Wang-X; Largay-JA
J Saf Res 2013 Feb; 44(Special Issue):17-24
Introduction: This study examined trends and patterns of fatal falls from roofs in the U.S. construction industry over an 18-year period (1992-2009), with detailed analysis for 2003-2009. Methods: Two large national datasets were analyzed: the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics' Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries and the Current Population Survey. Results: Roof fatalities accounted for one-third of fatal falls in construction in 1992-2009. A disproportionately high percentage (67%) of deaths from roof falls occurred in small construction establishments (1 - 10 employees). Roofers, ironworkers, workers employed with roofing contractors, or working at residential construction sites, had a higher risk of roof fatalities. A higher rate of roof fatalities was also found among younger (<20 years) and older (>44 years) workers, Hispanics, and immigrant workers. Conclusion: Roof fatalities corresponded with economic cycles and differed among construction subgroups and worksites. Impact on Industry: Prevention strategies should target high-risk worker groups and small establishments.
Construction; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Fall-protection; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Roofers; Roofing-industry; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Traumatic-injuries; Information-retrieval-systems; Surveillance-programs; Small-businesses; Racial-factors; Age-factors; Risk-analysis; Sociological-factors;
Author Keywords: Fatality trends; Hispanic workers; Small establishments; Residential construction;
Xiuwen Sue Dong, CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training, 8484 Georgia Avenue, Suite 1000, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
Cooperative Agreement; Construction
Issue of Publication
Journal of Safety Research
CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training, Silver Spring, Maryland