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Perpetrator, worker and workplace characteristics associated with patient and visitor perpetrated violence (Type II) on hospital workers: a review of the literature and existing occupational injury data.
Pompeii L; Dement J; Schoenfisch A; Lavery A; Souder M; Smith C; Lipscomb H
J Saf Res 2013 Feb; 44(Special Issue):57-64
Problem: Non-fatal type II violence experienced by hospital workers (patient/visitor-on-worker violence) is not well described. Methods: Hospital administration data (2004-2009) were examined for purposes of calculating rates of type II violent events experienced by workers. We also conducted a review of the hospital-based literature (2000-2010) and summarized findings associated with type II violence. Results: 484 physical assaults were identified in the data, with a rate of 1.75 events/100 full-time equivalents. Only few details about events were captured, while non-physical events were not captured. The literature yielded 17 studies, with a range proportion of verbal abuse (22%-90%), physical threats (12%-64%) and assaults (2%-32%) reported. The literature lacked rigorous methods for examining incidence and circumstances surrounding events or rates of events over time. Discussion: For purposes of examining the impact of type II violence onworker safety, satisfaction and retention, rigorous surveillance efforts by hospital employers and researchers are warranted.
Health-care; Health-care-facilities; Health-care-personnel; Medical-care; Medical-facilities; Medical-personnel; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Surveillance-programs; Emergency-care; Data-processing; Statistical-analysis; Humans; Behavior; Force; Mental-disorders; Physical-reactions; Physiological-effects; Physiological-response; Psychological-reactions; Sociological-factors; Author Keywords: Workplace violence; Violence; Hospital workers; Surveillance; Type II violence
Lisa Pompeii, The University of Texas, School of Public Health, 1200 Herman Pressler, RAS E617, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Issue of Publication
Journal of Safety Research
University of Texas, Health Science Center - Houston
Page last reviewed: October 8, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division