Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
SENSOR Occup Lung Dis Bull 2004 Mar; :1-2
This issue of the Occupational Lung Disease Bulletin provides a summary of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) pandemic, which affected over 8,000 people worldwide. The original outbreak in Beijing led to cases among healthcare workers in more than 70 hospitals, transmission to patients and visitors, and closing and quarantining of hospitals. Among probable cases analyzed in the Beijing outbreak, 16% occurred in healthcare workers (Liang W et al. Severe acute respiratory syndrome, Beijing, 2003. Emerging Infectious Disease 10(1) Jan 2004.). In the US, only 161 probable cases were identified, and very few cases were reported among healthcare workers. Lack of transmission may have resulted from treating few highly infectious patients or using few high-risk procedures (Park BJ et al Lack o SARS transmission among healthcare workers, United States Emerging Infectious Disease 10(2) Feb 2004]. To protect healthcare workers and prevent amplification in health care facilities, OSHA has emphasized the importance of workplace precautions. These include: appropriate ventilation, including isolation rooms with negative pressure and HEPA filtration; standard precautions, including work practices and PPE (N95 respirator, gowns, gloves); and housekeeping. Early case identification and hospital practices that protect against airborne diseases are crucial steps to ensure that healthcare workers are protected.
Occupational-diseases; Occupational-health; Lung-disease; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Employee-exposure; Health-care; Surveillance-programs; Lung-irritants; Medical-services; Medical-screening; Health-care-personnel; Infection-control; Infectious-diseases; Contagious-diseases; Disease-control; Disease-transmission; Disease-prevention; Safety-measures; Protective-measures; Ventilation; Engineering-controls; Environmental-control-equipment; Work-practices; Protective-clothing; Protective-equipment; Personal-protective-equipment; Respirators; Airborne-particles
Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Occupational Health Surveillance Program, 250 Washington Street, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02108
SENSOR Occupational Lung Disease Bulletin
Massachusetts State Department of Public Health