Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2013-149, 2013 May; :1-9
This publication provides the following nail gun safety tips in a comic book format. Nail Gun Trigger Safety: 1. Removing the safety tip spring or disabling any safety device increases the risk of injury. OSHA prohibits doing these things. 2. Use the "single shot" trigger (also called full sequential trigger) when possible. 3. Ask your employer for nail gun safety training if you are a new user. OSHA requires this training. Ask how the different triggers and safety devices work. 4. Know what type of trigger you are using before you start working. Nail Gun Use: 1. Hold and carry the nail gun with your Finger OFF the trigger. 2. Keep co-workers out of your line of fire. 3. Clear a nail jam after you disconnect the hose. 4. Shoot the bottom nail first when fastening a stud to a plate. 5. Know where the studs or joists are when shooting plywood or OSB. 6. Keep your free hand, not holding the gun, as far from the nailing location as possible (12 inches or more is best). 7. Use extra care when toe nailing, nailing in tight spaces, from a ladder, or with the gun above your head. 8. Allow space for nail gun recoil ("kickback") and don't try to stop or fight this recoil. 9. Use your dominant hand to operate a nail gun. 10. Always wear eye protection, hard hat, safety shoes, hearing protection as required by OSHA. 11. Never horseplay or fool around with nail guns. 12. Seek medical treatment immediately if injured with a nail gun. 13. Work only as fast as you can safely control the nail gun. Resist pressure to work faster. Lumber & Building Materials: 1. Check lumber for knots, nails, straps, or other things that can cause a nail ricochet or deflection. 2. Only use a hammer, palm nailer or positive placement teco nailer for fastening metal straps or other connectors. 3. Use extra care with warped or twisted lumber. 4. Good planning of material storage and layout can save more job time than the choice of trigger. Compressors/Hoses: 1. Check your nail air hose, hose fittings, and compressor to make sure they work properly. Use only tools and equipment that work properly. 2. Make sure your air pressure is in the recommended range, usually 80 to 120 psi. 3. Nail guns should be lubricated on a regular basis. 4. Don't lift, lower, or carry your nail gun by the air hose. 5. Disconnect the air hose when clearing a nail jam or doing any maintenance on the nail gun.