The National Shooting Sports Foundation in the United States reports that 2012 was an historic growth year for recreational shooting in the US. The international practical shooting confederation (IPSC) also reports that membership continues to increase. Shooting the guns may be what attracts people to the shooting sports but most shooters would agree it's the people that keep them involved. Whether you shoot in leagues, in competition, or simply spend time at a range, target shooting is often a social event. Whether target-shooting for occupational training or recreation, firing a gun involves the risk for noise induced hearing loss, but what about observers - other people at the firing range? There is great information coming from a group of researchers most of whom are themselves recreational shooters. These researchers are Amir Khan from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH); Jacob Sondergaard of G.R.A.S. Sound and Vibration; Greg Flamme, PhD, of Western Michigan University; James Lankford, PhD, of Northern Illinois University; Michael Stewart, PhD, of Central Michigan University; Deanna Meinke PhD, of University of Northern Colorado; Don Finan, PhD, of University of Northern Colorado; and CAPT William Murphy, PhD, from the US Public Health Service and NIOSH. All of these researchers are members of the National Hearing Conservation Association (NHCA) Recreational Firearm Noise (RFN) task force and are collectively known as "The Rudyard Gang". They have presented some of this new research at the 2012 and 2013 NHCA Conferences and reported it in scholarly journals.