Depression and somatic symptoms within the farming community.
DeArmond-SE; Stallones-L; Chen-PY; Sintek-EE
J Agric Saf Health 2006 Feb; 12(1):5-15
The relationship between somatic symptoms and depression was investigated in a population of farm operators and their spouses. The sample consisted of principal farm operators and their spouses from northeastern Colorado. There were a total of 709 participants who completed data relevant for our analyses. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted on the symptom inventory, and suggested a two-factor structure. One of the factors consisted of symptoms of a psychological nature, and the other consisted of physical symptoms. While both of the factors were significantly correlated with depression, the factor with psychological items was more strongly related to depression. Gender differences in the symptom factor structure were investigated, and only a few minor differences were found. Gender differences in relationships between the somatic symptom factors and depression were also investigated and were not found. Implications for farm operators, spouses, and rural healthcare providers were discussed.
Agriculture; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Farmers; Families; Mental-health; Mental-disorders; Clinical-symptoms; Psychological-effects; Psychological-factors; Psychological-responses; Physical-reactions; Physiological-effects; Physiological-factors; Physiological-response; Worker-health; Sex-factors;
Author Keywords: Depression; Farmers; Health
Sarah DeArmond, Colorado State University, B215a Clark Bldg., Fort Collins, CO 80523
Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health