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Workplace violence in nursing personnel: findings from the baseline questionnaire.

Campbell J; Kub J; Agnew J; Fitzgerald ST; Fowler B; Sheridan DJ; Bolyard R
J Urban Health 2007 Nov; 84(6):960
Workplace violence (WPV) has major long term health and employment implications for nursing staff (professional nurses and other nursing personnel - aides, technicians, transport service employees etc.)Hospitalworkers have 4 times greater risk forWPV than private sector employees (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1999).Workplace violence is defined in this prospective study as physical assaults, psychological and sexual abuse, harassment, stalking and vicarious violence. Outcomes of WPV may include reduced productivity, absenteeism, presenteeism, and job dissatisfaction. Health and employment outcomes at Baseline of an 18 month prospective study of nursing personnel (professional and nonprofessional) at 1 medical institution comprised of 2 large urban and 1 suburban hospital will be presented. Differences between level and types of WPV experienced by urban personnel versus suburban personnel and professional nurses in comparison to other nursing personnel will be analyzed along with risk factors for WPV and physical and mental health symptoms.We anticipate that (N=1100) nursing staffwill have experienced WPVduring the year prior to study initiation. These caseswill be compared to a randomly selected group of nursing staff from these settings (N=600) who have never experienced WPV. Analyses of episodes of WPV (prevalence and contributing factors), including violence type, injury, reporting, organizational response, and any interventions will be conducted. These preliminary study results about WPV in the healthcare setting and the factors influencing negative health and employment outcomes for urban hospital nursing personnel will eventually determine the development ofworkplace policies and prevention strategies. Given the sensitive nature of the topic, IRB and COC have been obtained. Referral information to counseling services, safe houses, staff assistance programs, law enforcement agencies, and community organizations is provided for all participants.
Force; Workers; Work-environment; Injuries; Mental-health; Mental-stress; Physical-stress; Physiological-effects; Physiological-stress; Psychological-factors; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-stress; Psychology; Health-care-personnel; Medical-personnel; Humans; Men; Women; Nurses; Nursing; Statistical-analysis
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Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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Johns Hopkins University
Page last reviewed: March 25, 2022
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