Changing work, changing health: can real work-time flexibility promote health behaviors and well-being?
Moen-P; Kelly-EL; Tranby-E; Huang-Q
J Health Soc Behav 2011 Dec; 52(4):404-429
This article investigates a change in the structuring of work time, using a natural experiment to test whether participation in a corporate initiative (Results Only Work Environment; ROWE) predicts corresponding changes in health-related outcomes. Drawing on job strain and stress process models, we theorize greater schedule control and reduced work-family conflict as key mechanisms linking this initiative with health outcomes. Longitudinal survey data from 659 employees at a corporate headquarters shows that ROWE predicts changes in health-related behaviors, including almost an extra hour of sleep on work nights. Increasing employees' schedule control and reducing their work-family conflict are key mechanisms linking the ROWE innovation with changes in employees' health behaviors; they also predict changes in well-being measures, providing indirect links between ROWE and well-being. This study demonstrates that organizational changes in the structuring of time can promote employee wellness, particularly in terms of prevention behaviors.
Workers; Worker-health; Occupations; Behavior; Employee-health; Employees; Work-operations; Work-organization; Work-practices; Families; Job-analysis; Men; Women; Questionnaires; Sleep-deprivation; Health-surveys;
Author Keywords: flexibility; gender; health behavior; natural experiment; organizational change; schedule control; sleep; well-being; work-family conflict
Phyllis Moen, University of Minnesota, Department of Sociology, 909 Social Sciences Building, 267 19th Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Portland State University