Nature and cost of low back pain.
Improving safety at small underground mines. Peters RH ed. Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, SP 18-94, 1994 Jan; :37-43
Low back pain (LBP) represents a huge expense to the mining industry and to society as a whole. Any effort to control the problems associated with LBP requires an understanding of the nature of LBP. This review paper was written by the U.S. Bureau of Mines to describe the current state of knowledge regarding LBP-the causes, risk factors for LBP, effectiveness of treatments, recovery from back pain, and methods that can be used to help control the problem.
Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Injuries; Mining-industry; Ergonomics; Analytical-processes; Safety-measures; Safety-education; Safety-practices; Materials-handling; Hazards; Exposure-levels; Workers; Work-capability; Physical-capacity; Physical-fitness; Back-injuries
Improving safety at small underground mines