An examination of strategies for preventing workplace homicides committed by perpetrators that have a prior relationship with the workplace or its employees.
Gurka-KK; Marshall-SW; Casteel-C; Runyan-CW; Loomis-DP; Richardson-DB
J Occup Environ Med 2012 Dec; 54(12):1533-1538
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether recommended robbery prevention strategies also protect against workplace homicide committed by a perpetrator who has a relationship with either the workplace or an employee (prior-relationship homicide). METHODS: A case-control study examining the relationship between recommended violence prevention strategies and prior-relationship workplace homicides in North Carolina was conducted. RESULTS: Workplaces located in an industrial park, employing minorities, reporting a history of violence, open night hours, or open 24 hours were more likely to experience prior-relationship homicide. Keeping entrances to the workplace locked when employees were present (OR = 0.36, 95% CI: 0.13, 0.99) and having at least one security device (OR = 0.28, 95% CI: 0.10, 0.74) decreased the odds of prior-relationship homicide. CONCLUSIONS: Select strategies recommended to prevent robberies and subsequent violence may also afford protection against prior-relationship homicide.
Force; Humans; Men; Women; Etiology; Hazards; Exposure-levels; Case-studies; Sociological-factors; Psychology; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-responses; Workers; Work-environment
Kelly K. Gurka, MPH, PhD, Department of Epidemiology, Injury Control Research Center,West Virginia University, PO Box 9151, Morgantown, WV 26505
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina