The identification of occupational lung disease from hospital discharge data.
Windau-J; Rosenman-K; Anderson-H; Hanrahan-L; Rudolph-L; Stanbury-M; Stark-A
J Occup Med 1991 Oct; 33(10):1060-1066
The Bureau of Labor Statistics-State Health Department Select Committee on Occupational Illnesses and Injuries conducted a study of hospital discharge records to determine their usefulness for identifying cases of occupational disease. Four states searched the diagnosis fields on computerized hospital discharge records for selected occupational lung diseases; pneumoconiosis, extrinsic allergic alveolitis, and respiratory conditions due to chemical fumes and vapors. The hospital discharge data identified more cases of pneumoconiosis than did the BLS data systems. Numerous cases of extrinsic allergic alveolitis and respiratory conditions due to chemical fumes and vapors were also identified. Patterns evidenced in the data were generally consistent with current knowledge of the diseases. The inclusion of industry and occupation on the hospital discharge record, further study of the quality of diagnosis coding, and the use of these data by additional states will enhance the usefulness of these data for occupational disease surveillance.
Allergies; Occupational-diseases; Lung-disease; Lung-disorders; Pneumoconiosis; Respiratory-system-disorders; Fumes; Vapors; Respiration; Etiology; Epidemiology; Humans; Men; Women; Diseases; Surveillance-programs; Statistical-analysis
Kenneth Rosenmen MD, Michigan State University, Dept of Medicine, Room B220 Life Sciences, East Lansing, MI 48824-1317
Journal of Occupational Medicine
Michigan State University