In this chapter we have arrived at human factors audits through a context of inspection and checklist design. It should be obvious by now that checklists are a subset of audits, which are in turn a subset of inspection. Within the context of inspection, we have seen that all inspections follow a short logical sequence of functions and that each function has considerable scope for model-based and empirical design to improve the human factors and system performance. Nonmanufacturing applications have been emphasized, with the focus on processes and broader systems rather than on repetitively produced products. Audits have been shown to be functionally similar to inspections. Inspecting, checking, and auditing are interesting, as they all have human factors design aspects but can all be applied to both the processes being audited and the auditing process itself. Whether inspecting nonmanufacturing items or checking items on a checklist or performing an audit, there is prescriptive advice on how to develop or choose a system that accords with human factors good practices.
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