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Transposition of EU directives related to occupational road safety by three member states.
Occupational Safety in Transport Conference, September 20-21, 2012, Surfers Paradise, Queensland, Australia. Queenland, Australia: CARRS-Q, Queensland University of Technology, 2012 Sep; :1-10
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of work-related fatalities in most high-income regions, including the European Union (EU). This research assesses transpositions of relevant EU directives by the United Kingdom (UK), France, and Sweden. The market-driven UK uses a business-led model to manage occupational road risk. Although technically correct, its transpositions were tempered by earlier legislation requiring employers to ensure a safe workplace "so far as is reasonably practicable." French policymaking is dominated by government, with engagement of the "social partners" (labor and industry). Transposition delays stemmed from domestic debates on the 35-hour workweek, existing collective agreements, and long-established structures of French codes of law. Swedish policymaking is consensual and corporatist, with road safety policy strongly influenced by the systems-based Vision Zero model. Transposition rarely required major changes to Swedish law. The main conclusion is that although member-state transpositions were generally technically accurate, they were influenced by domestic politics, institutional arrangements, and policy beliefs.
Motor-vehicles; Accident-rates; Accident-statistics; Transportation-industry; Transportation-workers; Surveillance
Occupational Safety in Transport Conference, September 20-21, 2012, Surfers Paradise, Queensland, Australia