Professional musicians' hearing, their perception of risk, and attitudes regarding hearing protection.
Mendes-MH; Marques-JM; Morata-TC
Inter-Noise 2006. The 35th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, December 3-6, 2006, Honolulu, Hawaii. West Lafayette, IN: International Institute of Noise Control Engineering, 2007 Aug; 4:2328-2334
The objective of this study was to investigate the suitability of the use of hearing protection among the members of an instrumental and vocal band during their rehearsals and performances. The study group consisted of 34 members of the Indaial Municipal Band. Subjects answered questionnaires and underwent pure-tone audiometry. They also attended a lecture where informative folders and hearing protection was provided; subjects were asked to try using the protectors during a 3-month period. Mean sound pressure levels during a rehearsal ranged from 96.4 dB(A) to 106.9 dB(A). At the end of the study period, 56.2% reported they did not like hearing protection, while 43.7 % liked it. The most common complaints were discomfort with sounds (58.8 %) and tinnitus (47%). Seventy-seven percent reported that music might cause hearing impairment. When median audiometric thresholds were compared with those from age-matched unexposed controls, a statistically significant difference was observed in the right ear at 4 and 6 kHz and at the left ear in 3, 4 and 6 kHz. Although most subjects were aware of the risk, few took any preventive measure against the hearing risks. This suggests the need for periodic educational campaigns and specific legislation tailored to music professionals.
Noise; Noise-exposure; Noise-control; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Noise-measurement; Sound-propagation; Sound-attenuation; Acoustic-absorption; Acoustical-measurements; Acoustics; Hearing-protection; Musicians; Questionnaires; Audiometry; Sound; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors
Maria Helena Mendes, Universidade Tuiuti Do Paraná, Rua Marcelino Champagnat, 505, Curitiba, PR 80.710-250, Brazil
Inter-Noise 2006. The 35th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, December 3-6, 2006, Honolulu, Hawaii.