Occupational injury and work organization among immigrant Latino residential construction workers.
Grzywacz-JG; Quandt-SA; Marín-A; Summers-P; Lang-W; Mills-T; Evia-C; Rushing-J; Donadio-K; Arcury-TA
Am J Ind Med 2012 Aug; 55(8):698-706
BACKGROUND: Rates of occupational injury among immigrant workers are widely believed to be underestimated. The goal of this study was to enhance understanding of the burden of occupational injury and the work organization factors underlying injury among immigrant Latino residential construction workers. METHODS: Prospective data were obtained from a community-based sample of Latino residential construction workers (N = 107) over a 3-month period. RESULTS: Twenty-eight participants were injured, resulting in an injury incidence rate of 55.0/100 FTE (95% CI = 41.4-71.6) during the 3-month observation period. The injury rate involving days away from work during the observation period was 3.9/100 FTE (CI = 0.2-7.2). Injuries were elevated among roofers relative to framers and general construction workers. Roofers had elevated exposure to a variety of deleterious work organization factors. CONCLUSIONS: Although imprecise given the small sample, our results suggest a threefold to fourfold underestimate of the injury burden to immigrant Latino construction workers. Work organization may contribute to elevated rates of non-fatal occupational injury, particularly among roofers.
Construction; Construction-equipment; Construction-industry; Construction-materials; Construction-workers; Racial-factors; Work-organization; Work-operations; Work-practices; Worker-health; Work-environment; Employee-health; Surveillance-programs; Injury-prevention; Disease-prevention; Health-surveys; Questionnaires; Statistical-analysis; Mathematical-models; Epidemiology; Work-analysis; Work-capacity; Etiology; Administration; Injuries; Lost-work-days; Roofers;
Author Keywords: Latinos; construction worker; occupational injury; work organization
Joseph G. Grzywacz, PhD, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1084
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University