Assessing the relationship between work-family conflict and smoking.
Nelson CC; Li Y; Sorensen G; Berkman LF
Am J Public Health 2012 Sep; 102(9):1767-1772
OBJECTIVES: We examined the relationship between smoking and work-family conflict among a sample of New England long-term-care facility workers. METHODS: To collect data, we conducted in-person, structured interviews with workers in 4 extended-care facilities. RESULTS: There was a strong association between smoking likelihood and work-family conflict. Workers who experienced both stress at home from work issues (i.e., work-to-home conflict) and stress at work from personal issues (i.e., home-to-work conflict) had 3.1 times higher odds of smoking than those who did not experience these types of conflict. Workers who experienced home-to-work conflict had an odds of 2.3 compared with those who did not experience this type of conflict, and workers who experienced work-to-home conflict had an odds of 1.6 compared with workers who did not experience this type of conflict. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that there is a robust relationship between work-family conflict and smoking, but that this relationship is dependent upon the total amount of conflict experienced and the direction of the conflict.
Families; Psychology; Smoking; Cigarette-smoking; Epidemiology; Questionnaires; Health-care-personnel; Job-stress; Stress; Mental-stress; Psychological-stress; Health-surveys; Health-care-facilities; Workers; Behavior
Lisa F. Berkman, PhD, Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, 9 Bow St, Cambridge, MA 02138
American Journal of Public Health
Portland State University