Nonoccupational and occupational injuries to US workers with disabilities.
Price-J; Shi-J; Lu-B; Smith-GA; Stallones-L; Wheeler-KK; Xiang-H
Am J Publ Health 2012 Sep; 102(9):e38-e46
OBJECTIVES: We examined medically treated injuries among US workers with disability. METHODS: Using 2006-2010 National Health Interview Survey data, we compared 3-month rates of nonoccupational and occupational injuries to workers with disability (n = 7729) and without disability (n = 175,947). We fitted multivariable logistic regression models to calculate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of injuries by disability status, controlling for sociodemographic variables. We also compared leading causes of injuries by disability status. RESULTS: In the 3-month period prior to the survey, workers with disability were more likely than other workers to have nonoccupational injuries (odds ratio [OR] = 2.35; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.04, 2.71) and occupational injuries (OR = 2.39; 95% CI = 1.89, 3.01). For both groups, the leading cause was falls. CONCLUSIONS: Disability status was strongly associated with risk of nonoccupational and occupational injuries among US workers. The safety issues facing US workers with disability in the workplace warrant future research. Federal agencies with an interest in the employment of workers with disability and their safety in the workplace should take a lead in further assessing injury risk and in promoting a safe working environment for workers with disability.
Injuries; Disabled-workers; Workers; Medical-treatment; Mathematical-models; Statistical-analysis; Demographic-characteristics; Sociological-factors; Health-surveys; Fall-protection; Risk-factors; Safety-measures; Work-environment; Epidemiology; Etiology
Huiyun Xiang, Center for Injury Research and Policy, Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Ohio State University College of Medicine, 700 Children's Dr, Columbus, OH 43205
American Journal of Public Health
Research Institute Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio