History of hearing and hearing loss research at NIOSH.
Abstr 30th Midwinter Res Meet 2007 Feb; 30:206
The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 created two new agencies, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in the Department of Labor. NIOSH's mission is to protect the American worker from occupational illness, injury and death through research and education. Since its inception, NIOSH has been actively involved in hearing research. NIOSH wrote the first criteria document for Noise Induced Hearing Loss which became the bases for the Occupational Noise Exposure Standard (1971) and the Hearing Conservation Amendment (1983). In 2006, the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Science was contracted to do a peer review of the NIOSH Hearing Loss Prevention Program. This required the program to organize past and present research efforts into a coherent body of knowledge. We found that our research clustered around four themes: 1) Contribute to the development, implementation and evaluation of effective hearing loss prevention programs; 2) Reduce hearing loss through interventions targeting personal protective equipment; 3) Develop engineering controls to reduce noise exposures; 4) Improve understanding of occupational hearing loss through surveillance and investigation of risk factors. This presentation will highlight some of the hearing research efforts and partners over the 30+ years of its history.
Noise-exposure; Exposure-levels; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Noise-exposure; Noise; Hearing; Hearing-disorders; Hearing-loss; Laboratory-animals; Animals; Pathology
Abstracts of the 30th Midwinter Research Meeting