American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 20-25, 2000, Orlando, Florida. Fairfax, VA: American Industrial Hygiene Association, 2000 May; :69
NIOSH's long range vision of a comprehensive nationwide system for surveillance of occupational illness, injury, hazards, and health and safety activities was recently described in its Strategic Surveillance Plan. One important component of this surveillance system that best lends itself to the primary prevention of illness and injury is hazard surveillance. Several hazard surveillance initiatives are presented in the plan, including an ongoing survey of health and safety hazards in U.S. workplaces. The foundation for the ongoing hazard survey lies in three previous NIOSH surveillance efforts: the 1972-1974 National Occupational Hazard Survey (NOHS), the 1981-1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey (NOES), and the 1984-1989 National Occupational Health Survey of Mining (NOHSM). The primary objectives of these surveys were to develop national estimates of the number of workers potentially exposed to chemical, physical, and biological agents and to describe the distribution of these potential exposures by various factors such as occupation, gender, and industry. The findings of these surveys have been used to support or prioritize regulations to control hazards, establish research priorities, track temporal changes in the use of controls, and to assess exposures in epidemiologic studies. Using input from federal stakeholders and representatives of academia and the private sector, the proposed hazard survey will build on lessons learned from the previous efforts. The survey will be designed to incorporate existing data from other sources, cover an expanded set of industrial classes and hazards, and incorporate qualitative exposure assessment of hazards. Since the previous survey was centered in the early-to-mid 1980s, our planning will take advantage of advances in data gathering, computer processing, and dissemination technology. Planned components of the hazard survey include a management questionnaire to obtain administrative data, policies, practices, and overall perspectives on H&S issues; site walk-throughs to characterize and qualitatively assess job-specific hazards; and a questionnaire survey of workers to obtain their perspectives on H&S policies, programs, and issues.
Surveillance-programs; Information-processing; Information-retrieval-systems; Information-systems; Injuries; Diseases; Occupational-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-accidents; Demographic-characteristics; Employee-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupations; Hazards; Health-hazards; Health-surveys; Exposure-assessment; Epidemiology; Questionnaires; Quality-standards; Industrial-exposures; Industrial-hazards; Work-environment; Work-operations; Work-practices; Management-personnel; Administration
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 20-25, 2000, Orlando, Florida