Two linear regression models predicting cumulative dynamic L5/S1 joint moment during a range of lifting tasks based on static postures.
Xu X; Chang C-C; Lu M-L
Ergonomics 2012 Sep; 55(9):1093-1103
Previous studies have indicated that cumulative L5/S1 joint load is a potential risk factor for low back pain. The assessment of cumulative L5/S1 joint load during a field study is challenging due to the difficulty of continuously monitoring the dynamic joint load. This study proposes two regression models predicting cumulative dynamic L5/S1 joint moment based on the static L5/S1 joint moment of a lifting task at lift-off and set-down and the lift duration. Twelve men performed lifting tasks at varying lifting ranges and asymmetric angles in a laboratory environment. The cumulative L5/S1 joint moment was calculated from continuous dynamic L5/S1 moments as the reference for comparison. The static L5/S1 joint moments at lift-off and set-down were measured for the two regression models. The prediction error of the cumulative L5/S1 joint moment was 21 + / -14 Nm × s (12% of the measured cumulative L5/S1 joint moment) and 14 + / - 9 Nm × s (8%) for the first and the second models, respectively. Practitioner Summary: The proposed regression models may provide a practical approach for predicting the cumulative dynamic L5/S1 joint loading of a lifting task for field studies since it requires only the lifting duration and the static moments at the lift-off and/or set-down instants of the lift.
Ergonomics; Human-factors-engineering; Mathematical-models; Manual-lifting; Posture; Body-mechanics; Musculoskeletal-system; Repetitive-work; Risk-factors; Cumulative-trauma; Back-injuries; Manual-materials-handling; Task-performance; Monitoring-systems; Biodynamics; Laboratory-testing; Men; Analytical-models;
Author Keywords: manual materials handling; low back pain; cumulative L5/S1 moment; static moment
Chien-Chi Chang, Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, 71 Frankland Road, Hopkinton, MA, 01748, USA