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Occupational health hazards of nanoparticles.
Nanoscience and nanotechnology: environmental and health impacts. Grassian VH, ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2008 Jan; :429-460
This chapter summarized the primary aspects of nanoparticles as an occupational health issue by reviewing the literature associated with the characterization of nanoparticles, relevant detection instruments, filtration of nanoparticles as a control device, and risk assessment issues. This review demonstrates that there is currently a large body of knowledge that can be applied to nanoparticle assessment and control in general but that a significant amount of research is needed to analyze nanoparticle exposure threats in the workplace in particular.Without a single case of morbidity or mortality due to exposure from nanoparticles in the workplace documented to date, the literature demonstrates not only a current proactive concern for potentially exposed workers that is commendable but also a large degree of uncertainty that can stymie efforts to adequately protect affected workers. However, the knowledge of occupational health issues, and the proper protection of workers, has advanced significantly since, for example, asbestos was manufactured and applied without proper protection. Despite the lack of current nanoparticle exposure limits, or even an established assessment strategy to evaluate their levels in a workplace, the accrued knowledge of sound industrial hygiene practice should be at the forefront of any efforts to protect nanoparticle workers while research continues to detail and elucidate specific approaches to best guarantee their health and safety.
Nanotechnology; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Author Keywords: nanoparticles - occupational health hazards; nanoparticle detection instruments and assessment strategies; nanoparticle risk assessment and management
Patrick T. O'Shaughnessy , College of Public Health, The University of Iowa, 100 Oakdale Campus, #126 IREH, Iowa City, IA 52242-5000, USA
Nanoscience and nanotechnology: environmental and health impacts
University of Iowa