The effectiveness of theory-driven approaches for training carpenters to prevent occupational hearing loss.
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 20-25, 2000, Orlando, Florida. Fairfax, VA: American Industrial Hygiene Association, 2000 May; :6
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NlOSH) recently surveyed the noise levels associated with carpentry tasks. In a related effort, the hearing threshold levels were obtained on 617 carpenters. The results indicated that nearly every carpentry task involving power tools exposes carpenters to hazardous noise levels. Not surprisingly, the audiometric test results demonstrated that carpenters begin losing hearing at an early age. By age 25, the average carpenter in this sample had hearing equivalent to that of an otherwise healthy, 50-year old worker not exposed to noise. By age 55, two of three carpenters in this sample were sufficiently impaired to need hearing aids. This paper will describe how NIOSH used these data and the results of hearing protector effectiveness studies to develop training materials designed to positively influence carpenters attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors about hearing loss prevention. The results of pilot trials of these training materials will be described in the context of the health communication theories used to frame the training messages. The results will also be reviewed in terms of future efforts to develop practical education and training programs for preventing occupational hearing loss among construction workers in general.
Noise; Noise-exposure; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Construction; Construction-workers; Woodworkers; Woodworking-equipment; Employee-exposure; Exposure-levels; Hearing-loss; Hearing-threshold; Power-tools; Noise-levels; Audiological-testing; Audiometry; Age-groups; Hearing-protection; Ear-protectors; Training; Attitude; Behavior; Injury-prevention; Education; Personal-protective-equipment
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 20-25, 2000, Orlando, Florida