Risk of physical assault against school educators with histories of occupational and other violence: a case-control study.
Nachreiner-NM; Gerberich-SG; Ryan-AD; Erkal-S; McGovern-PM; Church-TR; Mongin-SJ; Feda-DM
Work 2012 May; 42(1):39-46
A case-control study design was used to investigate risks of work-related physical assault (PA) associated with a history of violent victimization among educators. A total of 6,469 state-licensed educators (Kindergarten - Grade 12) worked in the previous 12 months and were eligible to participate. Exposure data were collected from cases (reporting a PA event in previous 12 months, n = 290) for the month before PA, and from controls (no work-related PA in previous 12 months; n = 867) for a randomly selected working month. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals identified increased risks for educators with any prior history of work-related (17.3, 11.4-26.3) or non-work-related PA (2.0, 1.2-3.5). In addition, PA risk in the previous twelve months increased with the number of previous victimizations, and risk also increased for educators with histories of non-physical violence (work- and non work-related). The results present a compelling case for targeted interventions and further research.
Injuries; Education; Physical-reactions; Physiological-response; Teaching; Behavior; Case-studies; Work-environment; Workplace-studies; Worker-health; Risk-analysis; Epidemiology; Psychological-responses; Psychology;
Author Keywords: Teacher; workplace violence; work-related assault
Nancy Nachreiner, PhD, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St. SE, MMC 807, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities