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Risk of physical assault against school educators with histories of occupational and other violence: a case-control study.
Nachreiner-NM; Gerberich-SG; Ryan-AD; Erkal-S; McGovern-PM; Church-TR; Mongin-SJ; Feda-DM
Work 2012 May; 42(1):39-46
A case-control study design was used to investigate risks of work-related physical assault (PA) associated with a history of violent victimization among educators. A total of 6,469 state-licensed educators (Kindergarten - Grade 12) worked in the previous 12 months and were eligible to participate. Exposure data were collected from cases (reporting a PA event in previous 12 months, n = 290) for the month before PA, and from controls (no work-related PA in previous 12 months; n = 867) for a randomly selected working month. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals identified increased risks for educators with any prior history of work-related (17.3, 11.4-26.3) or non-work-related PA (2.0, 1.2-3.5). In addition, PA risk in the previous twelve months increased with the number of previous victimizations, and risk also increased for educators with histories of non-physical violence (work- and non work-related). The results present a compelling case for targeted interventions and further research.
Injuries; Education; Physical-reactions; Physiological-response; Teaching; Behavior; Case-studies; Work-environment; Workplace-studies; Worker-health; Risk-analysis; Epidemiology; Psychological-responses; Psychology; Author Keywords: Teacher; workplace violence; work-related assault
Nancy Nachreiner, PhD, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St. SE, MMC 807, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Issue of Publication
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division