Can better exposure assessment resolve the uncertainties about EMF cancer risks?
Bowman-JD; Kromhout-H; Leonowich-JA; Yost-MG
Arbete och Halsa 2001 Jun; 2001(10):420-422
The evaluation of potential health effects from electric and magnetic fields (EMF) is a major challenge for the occupational and environmental health sciences. EMF from electric power has been associated with leukemia risks in children and workers, but these epidemiologic findings have been controversial. Now EMF cancer risks from mobile phones are being studied, while magnetic resonance imaging and many new wireless technologies need to be evaluated. This roundtable will discuss the challenges of assessing EMF exposures across the frequency spectrum: static fields, extremely low frequency (ELF), very low frequencies (VLF), radio frequencies (RF), and microwaves. Is it enough to assess exposures with the metrics of the ICNIRP guidelines and TLVs (Table 1), or should we be measuring EMF characteristics like modulation or polarization, which the exposure guidelines consider irrelevant to health effects? Can evaluating exposure and dose metrics based on unproven biophysical mechanisms help avoid the uncertainties which now surround cancer risks from ELF fields?
Epidemiology; Exposure-assessment; Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Job-analysis; Job-stress; Physical-stress; Physiological-factors; Sociological-factors; Psychological-factors; Physiological-stress; Psychological-stress; Etiology; Risk-analysis; Work-environment; Worker-health; Employee-exposure
J. D. Bowman, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH, USA
Hagsberg-M; Knave-B; Lillienberg-L; Westberg-H
Arbete och Halsa (X2001 - exposure assessment in epidemiology and practice, June 10-13, 2001, Göteborg, Sweden)