Covariation between physical and psychosocial stressors in the workplace: implications for musculoskeletal epidemiology.
MacDonald-LA; Karasek-RA; Punnett-L; Scharf-T
Arbete och Halsa 2001 Jun; 2001(10):296-298
Introduction: There is increasing interest in distinguishing the effects of physical and psychosocial workplace stressors on the etiology of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Modest associations have been found between psychosocial stressors and MSDs, but interpretation of these results are limited by likely covariation between physical and psychosocial stressors. The aim of this investigation was to examine exposure covariation among blue- and white-collar workers and to perform an exploratory factor analysis to investigate the structure of possible underlying factors linking these conceptually distinct stressors.
Epidemiology; Exposure-assessment; Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Job-analysis; Job-stress; Physical-stress; Physiological-factors; Sociological-factors; Psychological-factors; Physiological-stress; Psychological-stress; Etiology; Risk-analysis; Work-environment; Worker-health; Employee-exposure
L. A. MacDonald, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Cincinnati, OH, USA
Hagsberg-M; Knave-B; Lillienberg-L; Westberg-H
Arbete och Halsa (X2001 - exposure assessment in epidemiology and practice, June 10-13, 2001, Göteborg, Sweden)