Farmers' concerns: a qualitative assessment to plan rural medical education.
Anderson-BT; Johnson-GJ; Wheat-JR; Wofford-AS; Wiggins-OS; Downey-LH
J Rural Health 2012 Spring; 28(2):115-121
CONTEXT: Limited research suggests that translational approaches are needed to decrease the distance, physical and cultural, between farmers and health care. PURPOSE: This study seeks to identify special concerns of farmers in Alabama and explore the need for a medical education program tailored to prepare physicians to address those concerns. METHODS: We conducted 2 focus groups with 20 farmers from diverse communities, backgrounds, and farming operations. The sessions were audio-recorded, transcribed, coded, and analyzed for determined patterns. FINDINGS: The following categories were developed as areas of importance to farmers: the need for physicians to understand the culture of farming, occupational exposures in farming, and recommendations for improving the health of farmers. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that to adequately serve farmers, medical students interested in entering practice in rural areas should have or develop a relevant and adequate understanding of farming practices.
Farmers; Agricultural-workers; Health-care; Health-services; Education; Training; Teaching; Health-programs; Medical-sciences; Work-environment; Sociological-factors; Employee-exposure; Employee-health;
Author Keywords: agricultural medicine; farmers' health care; medical education; participatory research; rural health
John R. Wheat, MD, The University of Alabama, Department of Community and Rural Medicine, Box 870327, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0327
The Journal of Rural Health
University of Alabama at Birmingham