Project SHARRP: survey methods and recruitment of a population of home healthcare providers.
Markkanen-PK; Chalupka-S; Galligan-C; Sama-S; Gore-R; Kim-H; Bello-A; Kriebel-D; Quinn-MM
APHA 135th Annual Meeting and Exposition, Washington, DC, November 3-7, 2007. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 2007 Nov; :156807
Project SHARRP (Safe Homecare and Risk Reduction for Providers) of UMASS Lowell conducted a cross-sectional survey among Massachusetts home healthcare (HHC) providers to identify the magnitude of and risk factors for blood contacts and sharps injuries. HHC providers are challenging to study because they work over wide geographic areas and their work environments are highly variable. This paper describes the SHARRP survey design, administration, and strategies used to recruit the study population. The 18-page survey questionnaire was piloted in two stages to ensure comprehension and that completion time did not exceed 30 minutes. The survey population was recruited via HHC agencies and unions. Standard mail survey techniques were enhanced in several ways. Agencies and unions agreed to co-sponsor the survey and distributed pre-survey information cards to their employees or members. Approximately 1,000 surveys were collected. Agency participants were offered three methods to return their questionnaires: (i) at their agency office during a survey promotional event held by SHARRP researchers, (ii) by mail in a pre-paid return envelope, (iii) via locked box located at HHC agency offices. Survey return in conjunction with onsite promotional events yielded the highest response rates: 67-91%. The mailing only strategy, i.e. without worksite collection - the only viable option for union participants - generated response rates of 50-55%. It is concluded that survey design and administration are more successful when customized for particular working populations. Agency and union co-sponsorship and worksite data collection were key features related to high response rates.
Health-care-personnel; Risk-factors; Blood-samples; Bloodborne-pathogens; Injuries; Needlestick-injuries; Work-environment; Workers; Questionnaires;
Author Keywords: Survey; Health Care Workers
Pia K. Markkianen, ScD, Department of Work Environment, School of Health and Environment, University of Massachusetts, One University Avenue, Lowell, MA 01854
APHA 135th Annual Meeting and Exposition, Washington, DC, November 3-7, 2007
University of Massachusetts - Lowell