Workplace violence and aggression continue to be a public health concern for millions of workers all over theworld. In the last decade there has been a significant shift in focus on workplace violence as an occupational health concern. The Workplace Violence Intervention Research Workshop (April 5-7, 2000) held in Washington, DC was a major force in directing workplace violence prevention research and policy needs. The Workshop was key in: (1) presenting a typology categorizing the nature of the relationship (or lack thereof) of perpetrator with the victim, (2) identifying workplace violence prevention approaches that encompass all three intervention levels found in the public health model, (3) summarizing laws and regulations in place to preventworkplace violence, (4) sharing industry and labor perspectives, and (5) drafting a research agenda to help organize and guide workplace violence research and control efforts. Shortly thereafter in 2003, a special issue devoted to Violence in theWorkplace in Clinics in Occupational and Environmental Medicine (Carol Wilkinson and Corinne Peek-Asa as guest editors) provided a much-needed collection of research and approaches from a diversity of disciplines: public health, economics, legal, safety engineering, medicine, psychology, business, occupational health, human resources and law enforcement/security. Meanwhile, a special issue of Employee Rights and Employment Policy Journal focused onWorkplace Fairness and the Institute for Law and the Workplace in 2004 presented the role bullying plays in the workplace and the challenges for its prevention. During the same period, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) organized a conference for stakeholders in reducing workplace violence (November 17-19, 2004) that resulted in two NIOSH-sponsored workshops onworkplace bullying and psychological aggression (February 24-25 and September 1, 2005). The Occupational Safety and Health Administration has published documents highlighting workplace violence prevention among healthcare and social service workers (2004) and targeting late-night retail establishments (2009). Similarly, NIOSH created and released a training and educationalDVD entitled 'Violence on the Job' (2004) as a resource for practical prevention measures concerning workplace violence.
John Howard, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 395 E Street, SW, Suite 9200, Washington, DC 20201