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Michigan fatality assessment and control evaluation.
Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U60-OH-008329, 2009 Dec; :1-38
Work-related fatal injuries are a significant problem in Michigan as they are throughout the United States. A comprehensive surveillance system for Michigan work-related fatal injuries was established to: identify work situations at increased risk for work-related fatal injuries; conduct an on-site work place investigation to identify the underlying cause(s) of these fatalities; and, based on the information gathered, formulate and disseminate prevention strategies to stakeholders to reduce the number of these preventable deaths. The results of a comprehensive surveillance system and on-site investigation are needed not only to target educational intervention but also to identify needed regulatory and control technology changes. Five hundred twenty two individuals died from a work-related fatal injury between September I, 2004 and August 31, 2008. The Construction industry accounted for 116 (22.2%) of the fatal injuries, followed by Manufacturing (70, 13.4%) and Agriculture (64, 12.3%). The primary cause of a work-related death was due to a motor vehicle incident (114, 21.8%), followed by falls (87, 16.7%), then struck by (75, 14.4%), then machines and homicide (67 each, 12.8%). September had the highest number of fatal work-related incidents (53, 10.2%), followed by August (50, 9.6%), October (48, 9.2 %), June (48, 9.2%), and November (46, 8.8%). As expected, of the known time of injury, the work hours of 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. had the highest number of work-related fatalities (316, 66.1 %). Broken out into four-hour time periods, the time period of 12:00 p.m. to 3:59 p.m. had 136 fatal injuries and 8:00 a.m. to 11:59 a.m. had 134 work-related fatal injuries. The time period of 4:00 p.m. to 4:59 p.m. had 31 fatal injuries. When the day of injury was known, Monday and Friday were the days of the week that individuals were most likely to have a work-related fatal injury; Monday had 87 (16.9%) and Friday had 86 (16.7%). Wednesday had 84 (16.3%), then Tuesday (82, 16.0%), and then Thursday (75, 14.6%). MIFACE contacted 260 employers to ask for their participation. MIFACE conducted 69 (26.5%) workplace investigations. Two of the 69 investigations found that the death was not-work-related. One hundred ninety one (73.5%) employers chose not to participate. MIFACE has written and posted to the MSU OEM website 107 summaries of MIOSHA investigations and 7 one-page hazard alerts which identify common factors in a work-related fatality. Seventy two presentations were made to industry, medical professionals and trade groups. The identification of root cause(s) of a work-related fatality provides a practical tool for employers to assess their workplace to determine if similar factors are present and implement preventive actions to minimize the occurrence of a similar fatality occurring.
Mortality-rates; Morbidity-rates; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Surveillance-programs; Workers; Work-environment; Risk-factors; Humans; Men; Women; Accidents; Statistical-analysis
John Peck, Michigan Department of Energy Labor and Economic Growth, Michigan Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Management and Technical Services Division, PO Box 30643, Lansing, MI 48909
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Michigan State Department of Labor and Economic Growth