Prevalence of dermatitis in the working population, United States, 2010 National Health Interview Survey.
Luckhaupt-SE; Dahlhamer-JM; Ward-BW; Sussell-AL; Sweeney-MH; Sestito-JP; Calvert-GM
Am J Ind Med 2013 Jun; 56(6):625-634
BACKGROUND: Prevalence patterns of dermatitis among workers offer clues about risk factors and targets for prevention, but population-based estimates of the burden of dermatitis among US workers are lacking. METHODS: Data from an occupational health supplement to the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS-OHS) were used to estimate the prevalence of dermatitis overall and by demographic characteristics and industry and occupation (I&O) of current/recent employment. RESULTS: Data were available for 27,157 adults, including 17,524 current/recent workers. The overall prevalence rate of dermatitis among current/recent workers was 9.8% (range among I&O groups: 5.5-15.4%), representing approximately 15.2 million workers with dermatitis. The highest prevalence rates were among I&O groups related to health care. Overall, 5.6% of dermatitis cases among workers (9.2% among healthcare workers) were attributed to work by health professionals. CONCLUSIONS: Dermatitis affected over 15 million US workers in 2010, and its prevalence varied by demographic characteristics and industry and occupation of employment. The prevalence rate of work-related dermatitis based on the NHIS-OHS was approximately 100-fold higher than incidence rates based on the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Survey of Occupational Illness and Injury.
Dermatitis; Risk-factors; Skin-exposure; Skin-irritants; Skin-sensitivity; Irritants; Contact-dermatitis; Aerosol-particles; Aerosols; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Surveillance-programs; Demographic-characteristics; Health-surveys;
Author Keywords: industry; occupations; dermatitis; occupational diseases
Sara E. Luckhaupt, MD, MPH, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, R-17, Cincinnati, OH 45226
American Journal of Industrial Medicine