Poultry processing work and respiratory health of Latino men and women in North Carolina.
Mirabelli MC; Chatterjee AB; Arcury TA; Mora DC; Blocker JN; Grzywacz JG; Chen H; Marín AJ; Schulz MR; Quandt SA
J Occup Environ Med 2012 Feb; 54(2):177-183
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between poultry processing work and respiratory health among working Latino men and women in North Carolina. METHODS: Between May 2009 and November 2010, 402 poultry processing workers and 339 workers in a comparison population completed interviewer-administered questionnaires. Of these participants, 279 poultry processing workers and 222 workers in the comparison population also completed spirometry testing to provide measurements of forced expiratory volume in 1 second and forced vital capacity. RESULTS: Nine percent of poultry processing workers and 10% of workers in the comparison population reported current asthma. Relative to the comparison population, adjusted mean forced expiratory volume in 1 second and forced vital capacity were lower in the poultry processing population, particularly among men who reported sanitation job activities. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the low prevalence of respiratory symptoms reported, poultry processing work may affect lung function.
Poultry; Poultry-industry; Poultry-workers; Employee-exposure; Employee-health; Men; Women; Respiratory-system-disorders; Bronchial-asthma; Racial-factors; Health-surveys; Questionnaires; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-function-tests; Spirometry; Sanitation; Lung-function; Physiopathology; Epidemiology; Vital-capacity
Maria C. Mirabelli, PhD, MPH, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Wake Forest University Health Sciences - Winston-Salem, North Carolina