Work safety climate, musculoskeletal discomfort, working while injured, and depression among migrant farmworkers in North Carolina.
Arcury-TA; O'Hara-H; Grzywacz-JG; Isom-S; Chen-H; Quandt-SA
Am J Publ Health 2012 May; 102(Suppl 2):S272-S278
OBJECTIVES: This analysis described Latino migrant farmworkers' work safety climate and its association with musculoskeletal discomfort, working while injured or ill, and depressive symptoms. METHODS: Data were from a cross-sectional survey of 300 farmworkers conducted in North Carolina in 2009. Generalized estimating equations models were used to investigate the association of work safety climate with health and safety outcomes. RESULTS: Farmworkers perceived their work safety climate to be poor. About 40% had elevated musculoskeletal discomfort, 5.0% had worked at least 1 day while injured or ill, and 27.9% had elevated depressive symptoms. The odds of elevated musculoskeletal discomfort were 12% lower and the odds of working while injured or ill were 15% lower with each 1-unit increase in the work safety climate. Work safety climate was not associated with depressive symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Work safety climate was important for agricultural workers. Poor work safety climate was associated with health outcomes (musculoskeletal discomfort) and safety (working while injured or ill). Interventions to improve work safety climate in agriculture are needed, with these interventions being directed to employers and workers.
Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Racial-factors; Farmers; Work-practices; Safety-climate; Safety-practices; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Injuries; Mental-health; Psychological-effects
Thomas A. Arcury, PhD, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
American Journal of Public Health
Mary Imogene Bassett Hospital, Cooperstown, New York