Biomechanical, psychosocial and individual risk factors predicting low back functional impairment among furniture distribution employees.
Ferguson-SA; Allread-WG; Burr-DL; Heaney-C; Marras-WS
Clin Biomech 2012 Feb; 27(2):117-123
BACKGROUND: Biomechanical, psychosocial and individual risk factors for low back disorder have been studied extensively however few researchers have examined all three risk factors. The objective of this was to develop a low back disorder risk model in furniture distribution workers using biomechanical, psychosocial and individual risk factors. METHODS: This was a prospective study with a six month follow-up time. There were 454 subjects at 9 furniture distribution facilities enrolled in the study. Biomechanical exposure was evaluated using the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (2001) lifting threshold limit values for low back injury risk. Psychosocial and individual risk factors were evaluated via questionnaires. Low back health functional status was measured using the lumbar motion monitor. Low back disorder cases were defined as a loss of low back functional performance of -0.14 or more. FINDINGS: There were 92 cases of meaningful loss in low back functional performance and 185 non cases. A multivariate logistic regression model included baseline functional performance probability, facility, perceived workload, intermediated reach distance number of exertions above threshold limit values, job tenure manual material handling, and age combined to provide a model sensitivity of 68.5% and specificity of 71.9%. INTERPRETATION: The results of this study indicate which biomechanical, individual and psychosocial risk factors are important as well as how much of each risk factor is too much resulting in increased risk of low back disorder among furniture distribution workers.
Humans; Men; Women; Risk-factors; Psychology; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Physiopathology; Models; Work-environment; Workers; Back-injuries; Musculoskeletal-system; Warehousing; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders;
Author Keywords: Low back disorder; Psychosocial; Biomechanical; ACGIH
Sue A. Ferguson, 210 Baker Systems, 1971 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210-1271
Ohio State University